Selasa, 09 Agustus 2011

Tujuh Tenses Penting (4)

Bacalah dengan nama Tuhanmu,____
"Begitu Anda berhenti belajar, Anda tak lagi memimpin". (Rick Warren)

Dear pembelajar,
Seperti saya kemukakan sebelumnya, saya sepakat dengan Wayan Suada, bahwa hanya ada dua prinsip dalam pembelajaran tenses, yaitu:
1. Kalimat yang mengandung AKAN, SUDAH dan SEDANG
2. Kalimat yang TIDAK MENGANDUNG AKAN, SUDAH atau SEDANG
Jadi bagaimana? Tinggal perikasa saja, apakah dalam kalaimat kita mengandung salah satu diantara tiga kata itu atau tidak sama sekali!

  1. Jika kalimat kita mengandung kata AKAN, maka gunakan Future Tense (Will +V1)
  2.  Jika kalimat kita mengandung kata SUDAH, maka gunakan Present Perfect Tense (has/have + V3)
  3.  Jika kalimat kita mengandung kata sedang dan itu terjadi SEKARANG, maka gunakan Prenst Progressive Tense (am/is/are + V_ing)
  4.  Jika kalimat kita mengandung kata SEDANG dan itu terjadi/berlangsung di waktu lampau, maka gunakan Past Progressive Tense (was/were + V_ing)
  5.  Jika kalimat kita TIDAK MENGANDUNG kata AKAN/SUDAH/SEDANG, dan itu menunjukkan aktivitas sekarang/ kebiasaan yang dilakukan berulang/keadaan berlaku umum (general statements of fact), maka gunakan rumusan Simple Present Tense berikut: ( I/You/We/They + V1) atau (He/She/It + V_s/es)>>> Inilah yang akan dan sedang kita bicarakan. Misalnya, Dia menangis setiap hari (tidak ada akan/sudah/sedang), Mereka bekerja di kantor (tidak ada akan/sudah/sedang); Kita menikmati liburan di pantai (tidak ada akan/sudah/sedang), Ia berkunjung setiap akhir pekan (tidak ada akan/sudah/sedang), Saya pergi ke kampus setiap sore (tidak ada akan/sudah/sedang), dll.

Contoh Kalimat Positive:
  1. I shovel (menyekop) the snow in front of my house.
  2. Tea comes from China
  3. Yes, I see him everyday
  4. My family spends every summer in the beach
  5. My mom speaks local language everyday
  6. The earth revolves around the sun
  7. My brother always studies very hard
  8. The class usually goes to the museum to discuss the subject
  9. Mr. Jack frequently reminds us to read the paper carefully
  10. As a professional athlete, he exercises football regularly.
Contoh Kalimat Negative: (I/You/We/They + don’t + V1); (She/ He/ It + doesn’t + V1)

  1. He doesn’t drive a car to school
  2. You do not tell anyone about it.
  3. Reza doesn’t eat a chocolate ice cream in front of me
  4. They don’t go shopping every Saturday
  5. I don’t wait for my mom at my grand ma’s house
  6. Iqbal doesn’t share a room with his brother
  7. It doesn’t rain a lot in Bandung
  8. The baby doesn’t cry in the morning
  9. We don’t do our homework after school
  10. My sister doesn’t like flowers
Kalimat Tanya ( Do/does + S + V1) & Kalimat Tanya dengan Kata Tanya
  1. Does my sister like flowers? What does my sister like? flowers
  2. Do you bring my English dictionary? What do you bring? dictionary
  3. Does he drive to school? Where does he drive to? School
  4. Does he eat a chocolate ice cream in front of you? What does he eat? A chocolate ice cream
  5. Do they go shopping on Saturdays? When do they go shopping? On saturdays
  6. Do you do your homework after school? When do you do your homework? After school
  7. Does the baby cry in the morning? Who cries in the morning? The baby
  8. Do you wait for your mom at your grand ma’s house? Whom do you wait for? My mom
  9. Does it rain a lot in Bandung? Where does it rain a lot? In Bandung
  10. Does he share the room with his brother? Whom does he share the room with? His brother
 Could you try in another verbs or subjects? Try then!

2 komentar:

  1. Future Tense : if u want to be my wife, I will Love you forever.
    Present Perfect Tense : I have been loving you for 2 months.
    Present Progressive Tense : I am loving you.
    Past Progressive Tense : When we were in high school, I were loving you.
    Simple Tense : I'm in love with you.

    Are those sentences correct?

    BalasHapus
  2. dear diyut,
    secara tense, iya benar. tetapi secara makna perhatikan makna dari kalimat Past progressive anda. Sekarang anda tak lagi mencintainya, kan? jika benar, maka kalimat anda benar.

    makasih dan salam bahagia

    BalasHapus