Rabu, 29 Juni 2011

COMPARISON

Bacalah dengan nama Tuhanmu,_____
"There is no law greater than Non-violence". (pepatah India Kuno)

Dear learners,
Could you give me some explanations about Degree Comparison Ms Aridha? Demikian pertanyaan Ginanjar tadi malam melalui Healthy English Community, kelas kecil kami di face book. Dan inilah pemenuhan saya atas permintaannya tersebut.

Comparison digunakan membandingkan kualitas sesuatu. Dalam bahasa Indonesia, kita mengenal “sama” (positive) , “lebih” (comparative) dan “paling” (superlative).

Simak contoh berikut ini:

Positive                            comparative                              superlative

Heavy                              heavier                                      heaviest
Lazy                                 lazier                                         laziest
Young                               younger                                    youngest
Old                                  older                                         oldest

Positive : tidak menunjukkan perbandingan. Positive menunjukkan kesamaan kualitas, jumlah, tingkatan dll, antara seseorang dengan yang lain, dan atau antara sesuatu dengan sesautu yang lain. Misal : My house is as big as yours; My sister sings as well as my brother; Her assignment is as easy as mine.

Comparative: digunakan bila kita ingin menunjukkan ketidaksamaan seseorang dengan orang lain, atau ketidaksamaan sesuatu dengan sesuatu yg lainnya. Comparative juga dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan tingkat kelebihan atau kekurangan seseorang atau sesuatu dengan seseorang atau sesuatu lainnya. Misal : My house is smaller than his; My mother is older than yours; She is taller than her sisiter.

Superlative adalah perbandingan yang melibatkan lebih dari dua orang yang menunjukkan siapa (apa) yang paling unggul, atau sebaliknya (yang paling rendah diantara yang lain. Ada beberapa catatan dalam superlative:

  • Jika sesuatu kata terdiri lebih dari dua suku kata, maka kita tidak menambah “est” di belakang kata tetapi “the most”, sebelum kata yang bersangkutan. (The most beautiful girl here is Rebeca)
  • Ada beberapa kata keterangan, yang tidak menambahkan era tau est, seperti more careful
  • Ada juga beberapa kata sifat, yang tidak menambah er/est, seperti handsome
  • Ada beberapa kata sifat yang mempunyai bentuknya sendiri seperti good, better, worst; far, farther, farthest.
Beberapa contoh positive degree :
  1. The red car is as fast as the blue car
  2. Misbah is not as tall as Ginanjar
  3. The violin is not low as the cello
  4. The copy is not as bad as the other one
  5. You are as optimistic as Aji
  6. The tomato soup was as delicious as the mushroom (jamur) soup
  7. Bustami is as brave as Salam
  8. Silver is not as heavy as gold
Beberapa contoh comparative dan superlative degree:

  1. This is a nice dog. It’s much nicer than my dog (mine)
  2. Here is Jingga. She is 21 years old. Her brother is 17. So she is older than her brother. Her brother is younger (of course).
  3. School is boring, but home work is more boring than school
  4. This is a difficult exercise. But the exercise with an asterisk (*) is the most difficult one (the most difficult exercise) on the worksheet.
  5. She has an interesting hobby. But my brother has the most interesting hobby.
  6. In the last holidays, I read a good book, but father gave me an even better one (book), last weekend.
  7. My father is heavy. But my uncle is much heavier than my father.
  8. The test in Geography was easy. But the test in Biology was easier.
  9. Florida is sunny. Do you know the sunniest place in the USA?
  10. My mother has a soft voice. But my teacher’s voice is softer than my mother’s
 (source: Johan HF and Anne Juwita; Smart Way to TOEFL)
Okay, hopefully you could understand now.
Salam bahagia 

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