Sabtu, 16 Oktober 2010

Ayo Belajar How Many , How Much, Some, Many, Any, a few dan a little

Bacalah dengan nama Tuhanmu,______

“Saya menutup pintu hari kemarin dan membuang kuncinya. Hari esok tak menakutkan saya, sebab saya sudah menemukan hari ini”.(anonim)

Dear pembelajar,__________

Saat ini kita belajar tentang benda yang dapat dihitung dan yang tak dapat dihitung. Dalam bahasa Inggris, benda yang dapat dihitung disebut sebagai countable nouns (CN), sedang benda yang tak dapat dihitung, disebut sebagai uncountable nouns (UN).
Contoh UN antara lain:
food, cream, hair, insurance, money, music, pasta, rain, rice, snow, water, wine, etc.

Contoh CN, antara lain:
1. Bussinessman, dalam bentuk plural/jamaknya menjadi bussinesmen
2. Child, pluralnya menjadi children,
3. City, pluralnya menjadi cities
4. Dollar, pluralnya menjadi dollars
5. Dress, pluralnya menjadi dresses,
6. Eye, pluralnya menjadi eyes,
7. Familiy, pluralnya menjadi families,
8. Glass, pluralnya menjadi glasses,
9. Flight, pluralnya menjadi flights (penerbangan)
10. Time, pluralnya menjadi times (kali/frekuensi), dll

Selanjutnya kata tanya yang digunakan untuk menanyakan benda yang dapat dihitung (CN), adalah HOW MANY.

Sedangkan, kata tanya yang digunakan untuk menanyakan benda yang tak dapat dihitung adalah HOW MUCH

How many dan How much sama-sama bermakna BERAPA BANYAK.

Perhatikan contoh berikut:

I. Di kulkas mereka, ada DAFTAR PERSEDIAAN/SUPPLIES (10/10/10):

a. Biscuits (2 packets)
b. Chocolate (2 bars)
c. Meat (1 slice)
d. Beans ( 1 packet)
e. Matches (1 box)
f. Wood (some)
g. Paraffin (1 litre)
h. Ciggarettes (4)

ANDA DAPAT MENGATAKAN:

a. They had some biscuits, but the didn’t have many
b. They had some chocolate, but they didn’t have much
c. They had some meat, but they didn’t have much,
d. Lanjutkan hingga “h”, kerjakan secara kelompok
e. ...............
f. .................
g. ..................
h. ......................
i. Did they have some/any milk ? No, they didn’t have any (milk)


II. Contoh penggunaan How many/much:

a. They had only a few biscuits,____How many biscuits did they have?
b. They had only a little chocolate,____how much chocolate did they have?
c. They had only a little meat,____How........
d. BUATLAH 6 kalimat lagi, kerjakan secara kelompok.

III. Apa yang dapat anda simpulkan dari penggunaan kata-kata tersebut?, 

Ya! Bagus!
  1. How many artinya berapa banyak. Ia digunakan untuk menanyakan CN.
  2. How much artinya berapa banyak. Ia digunakan untuk menanyakan UN
  3. Some artinya beberapa, cenderung digunakan dalam kalimat positif/pernyataan
  4. A few, artinya sedikit, digunakan untuk kalimat positif/pernyataan (CN/UN)
  5. A little, artinya sedikit, digunakan untuk kalimat positif/pernyataan (UN)
  6. Any, artinya tak satupun. Ia digunakan dalam kalimat negatif/penyangkal (I don't have any)
Bagaimana?Cobalah membuat progress hari ini!
salam,
aridhaprassetya
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19 komentar:

  1. nukeu herlandia20 Oktober 2010 23.01

    ikutan ya teman - teman..

    bu, saya pernah baca di oxford,
    benar tidak asumsi saya?
    betul tidak, ada kata yang dapat dikatakan keduanya (countabel dan uncountable)
    m, contoh katanya misal experience,
    disana disebutkan dapat dikatakan keduanya
    - countabel / dapat dihitung, jika dalam kalimat kata tersebut menyatakan banyaknya kejadian (misal, berapa kali ke bali?, menyatakan pertanyaan berapa banyak punya pengalaman ke bali)

    - uncountabel / tidak dapat dihitung, jika dalam kalimat kata tersebut sedang menjelaskan apa saja yang terjadi,
    ngapain aja pengalamannya, senang / tidak kan tidak dapat dihitung...

    salah tidak bu pemahaman saya ? jika salah, mohon diperbaiki ya bu.. supaya tidak salah terus, =)

    terimakasih,

    BalasHapus
  2. Devy Ratnasari27 Oktober 2010 10.18

    bu mang kelompok nya ini brp orang?

    BalasHapus
  3. Eva Christia N27 Oktober 2010 16.56

    maks berapa orang untuk kelompknya bu...

    BalasHapus
  4. Nukeu,

    Prinsip, jika sumbernya jelas, its okey. Namun untuk sekedar contoh test/mengujinya, perhatikan mana yang lebih sering kita dengar:

    How many experiences do you have?, atau
    How much experience do you have?

    Silahkan dicoba, but dalam praktek, selama yang anda ajak omong itu paham, its okey.

    aturan-aturan yang ada itu kan tujuannya untuk berbahasa secara benar,sebetulnya sangat bermanfaat untuk berbicara dan menulis dengan benar, namun dalam praktek selama komunikasi itu saling dipahami it's okey.
    Bahasa Indonesia juga begitu kan? Mana pernah bahasa Indonesia yang benar menggunakan dong, deh, emang dsb ?

    just enjoy learning English anda keep practicing anda always make progress

    BalasHapus
  5. Dear Devi and Eva,

    maaf, lupa kasih info, jumlah kelompok maksimal 2 (dua) orang saja ya..., sampaikan kepada kawan lain ya !

    thanks, selamat berlomba mendapat nilai A.

    BalasHapus
  6. ludfy dianurianto2 November 2010 14.36

    Terima kasih banyak bu atas implementasi ibu untuk membuat blog ini demi pengembangan pendidikan yang lebih maju dan baik.

    BalasHapus
  7. I.
    a.They had some biscuits, but they didn't have many
    b.They had some chocolate, but they didn't have much
    c.They had some meat, but they didn't have much
    d.They had some beans, but they didn't have many
    e.They had some matches, but they didn't have much
    f.They had some woods, but they didn't have much
    g.They had some paraffin, but they didn't have much
    h.They had some ciggarettes, but they didn't have many
    i.Did they have any milk? No, they didn't have any milk

    II.Penggunaan How many/much
    a.They had only a few biscuits,___How many biscuits did they
    have?
    b.They had only a little chocolate,___How much chocolate did
    they have?
    c.They had only a little meat,___How much meat did they have?
    d.They had only a few beans,___How many beans did they have?
    e.They had only a little matches,___How much matches did they
    have?
    f.They had only a little woods,___How much woods did they
    have?
    g.They had only a little paraffin,___How much paraffin did
    they have?
    h.They had only a few ciggarettes,___How many ciggarettes did
    they have?
    i.They had only a little milk,___How much milk did they have?

    III.Kesimpulan
    1.Much digunakan didepan kata benda yang tidak bisa
    dihitung (uncountable nouns), sedangkan Many digunakan
    didepan kata benda yang bisa dihitung (uncountable nouns).
    2.Any bisa diletakkan baik didepan kata benda yang bisa
    dihitung maupun yang tidak bisa dihitung dalam kalimat tanya
    dan kalimat negatif.
    3.A few digunakan bersama kata benda yang dapat dihitung untuk
    menunjukkan kuantitas yang sedikit, sedangkan A little
    digunakan bersama kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung untuk
    menunjukkan jumlah yang sedikit.

    Anggota kelompok:
    Nama Jurusan NIM
    1.Devy Ratnasari Akuntansi 092100754
    2.Ayu Kartika Saputri Akuntansi 092100760

    BalasHapus
  8. Eva Christia N6 November 2010 20.27

    I.
    a They had some biscuits, but they didn't have many
    b they had some chocolates, but they didn't have much
    c They had some meat, but they didn't have much
    d They had some beans, but they didn't have many
    e They had some matches, but they didn't have much
    f They had some wood, but they didn't have many
    g They had some paraffin, but they didn't have much
    h They had some ciggarettes, but they didn't have many
    i Did they have some/any milk? No, they didn't have any (milk)

    II.
    a. They had only a few biscuits,___ How many biscuits did they have?
    b. They had only a little chocolates,__ How much chocolates did they have?
    c. They had only a little meat,__ How much meat did they have?
    d. They had only a few beans,__ How many beans did tyey have?
    e. They had only a little matches,__ How many matches did they have?
    f. They had only a few wood, __ How many wood did they have?
    g. They had only a little paraffin,__ How much paraffin did they have?
    h. They had only a few ciggarettes,__ How many ciggarettes did they have?
    i. They had only a little milk,__ How much milk did they have?

    III.
    1. MUCH digunakan pada kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung banyaknya. MANY digunakan pada kata benda yang dapat dihitung banyaknya.
    2. ANY dapat digunakan pada kalimat tanya dan kalimat negatif baik yang dapat dihitung atau tidak dapat dihitung.
    3. A FEW untuk kata benda yang dapat dihitung. A LITTLE untuk kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung.

    Nama : Eva Christia N (092100742)
    : Villy Artomoro (092100745)

    BalasHapus
  9. I.
    a. They had some biscuits, but they didn't have many
    b. They had some chocolate, but they didn't have much
    c. They had some meat , but they didn't have much
    d. They had some beans, but they didn't have many
    e. They had some matches, but they didn't have many
    f. They had some wood, but they didn't have much
    g. They had some paraffin, but they didn't have much
    h. They had some ciggarettes, but they didn't have many
    i. Did they have some/any milk? No, they didn't have any (milk)
    II.
    a. They had only a few biscuits,___How many biscuits did they have?
    b. They had only a little chocolate,___How much chocolate did they have?
    c. They had only a little meat,___How much meat did they have?
    d. They had only a few beans,___How many beans did they have?
    e. They had only a few matches,___How many matches did they have?
    f. They had only a little wood,___How much wood did they they have?
    g. They had only a little paraffin,___How much paraffin did they have?
    h. They had only a few ciggarettes,___How many ciggarettes did they have?
    i. They had only a little milk,___How much milk did they have?
    III. Kesimpulan
    - Many digunakan pada kata benda yg dapat dihitung baik dalam kalimat positif maupun negatif, sedangkan Much digunakan pada kata benda yg tidak dapat dihitung baik dalam kalimat positif maupun negatif
    - Any dapat digunakan pada kata benda yg dapat dihitung maupun yg tidak dapat dihitung, dalam kalimat positif maupun negatif
    - A Few digunakan pada kata benda yg dapat dihitung, A Little digunakan pada kata benda yg tidak dapat dihitung. Kedua-duanya memiliki arti "sedikit"

    Nama Kelompok :
    * Suci Nur Wulan_Manajemen (091101897)
    * Anggra Kusuma Andinata_Manajemen(091101898)

    BalasHapus
  10. ARI WAHYUDIANTO7 November 2010 19.58

    I.
    a.They had some biscuits, but they didn't have many
    b.They had some chocolate, but they didn't have much
    c.They had some meat, but they didn't have much
    d.They had some beans, but they didn't have many
    e.They had some matches, but they didn't have much
    f.They had some woods, but they didn't have many
    g.They had some paraffin, but they didn't have much
    h.They had some ciggarettes, but they didn't have many
    i.Did they have any milk? No, they didn't have any milk

    II

    a.They had only a few biscuits,___How many biscuits did they
    have?
    b.They had only a little chocolate,___How much chocolate did
    they have?
    c.They had only a little meat,___How much meat did they have?
    d.They had only a few beans,___How many beans did they have?
    e.They had only a little matches,___How much matches did they
    have?
    f.They had only a few woods,___How many woods did they
    have?
    g.They had only a little paraffin,___How much paraffin did
    they have?
    h.They had only a few ciggarettes,___How many ciggarettes did
    they have?
    i.They had only a little milk,___How much milk did they have?
    KESIMPULAN
    1. How many digunakan untuk menanyakan benda yang dapat dihitung sedangkan how much digunakan untuk kata benda yang tak dapat dihitung.
    2. Few digunakan untuk menunjukan benda yang dapat dihitung sedangkan little digunakan untuk menunjukan benda yang tak dapat dihitung.
    3. “ some “ dan “ any “ digunakan baik untuk benda yang dapat dihitung maupun yang tak dapat dihitung

    kelompok
    ARI WAHYUDIANTO/ AKUNTANSI ( 092100757 )
    BAMBANG SYAHRII PUNTANA/ AKUNTANSI ( 092100741 )

    BalasHapus
  11. Anggota kelompok :
    REZA CAHYA PERMANA : 091101893
    INDRA AL - HAQI : 092100749

    I. Daftar persediaan / supplies.

    A. They had some biscuits, but the didn’t have many.
    B. They had some chocolate, but the didn’t have much.
    C. They had some meat, but the didn’t have much.
    D. They had some matches, but the didn’t have much.
    E. They had some wood, but the didn’t have much.
    F. They had some ciggarettes, but the didn’t have many.
    G. They had some paraffin, but the didn’t have much.
    H. They had some beans, but the didn’t have much.

    II. Contoh penggunaan How much / many.

    1. They had only a few biscuits, how many biscuits did they have ?
    2. They had only a little chocolate, how much chocolate did they have ?
    3. They had only a little meat, how much meat did they have ?
    4. They had only a little beans, how much beans did they have ?
    5. They had only a little matchs, how much matchs did they have ?
    6. They had only a little wood, how much wood did they have ?
    7. They had only a little paraffin, how much paraffin did they have ?
    8. They had only a few ciggarettes, how many ciggarettes did they have ?

    III. Kesimpulan

    How many, many and a few digunakan untuk benda yang dapat dihitung.
    How much, any, some and a little digunakan untuk benda yang tidak dapat dihitung.
    “ some “ dan “ any “ digunakan baik untuk benda yang dapat dihitung maupun yang tak dapat dihitung

    BalasHapus
  12. BAB I
    A. They had some biscuits, but the didn’t have many.
    B. They had some chocolate, but the didn’t have much.
    C. They had some meat, but the didn’t have much.
    D. They had some matches, but the didn’t have much.
    E. They had some wood, but the didn’t have much.
    F. They had some ciggarettes, but the didn’t have many.
    G. They had some paraffin, but the didn’t have much.
    H. They had some beans, but the didn’t have much.

    1. They had only a few biscuits, how many biscuits did they have ?
    2. They had only a little chocolate, how much chocolate did they have ?
    3. They had only a little meat, how much meat did they have ?
    4. They had only a little beans, how much beans did they have ?
    5. They had only a little matchs, how much matchs did they have ?
    6. They had only a little wood, how much wood did they have ?
    7. They had only a little paraffin, how much paraffin did they have ?
    8. They had only a few ciggarettes, how many ciggarettes did they have ?

    Kesimpulan :
    How many, many and a few digunakan untuk benda yang dapat dihitung.
    How much, any, some and a little digunakan untuk benda yang tidak dapat dihitung.

    Nama Kelompok :
    Lusiana Ade (092100744)
    Andelina Yulia Ningsih (092100761)

    BalasHapus
  13. malam bu, maaf saya masih kurang mengerti, misal ada kalimat seperti ini, manakah yang benar "how many arms does it have?" atau "how many arm does it have?" , ?lalu apa bedanya bu? terimakasih :)

    BalasHapus
  14. dear anonymous,

    arm itu bisa lengan, bisa kaki depan binatang, bisa juga senjata.

    menurut saya, arm itu countable/dapat dihitung, so we can say :

    How many arms does it have?

    (Berapa banyak senjata yang dipunyainya (nya/it , disini, bisa merupakan komunitas tertentu)
    atau
    (Berapa banyak jumlah kaki depan yang dimilikinya, 'nya' / it, disini adalah binatang)

    Tetapi dalam praktik, arm atau arms tidak pernah dipersoalkan. Yang jelas, how much untuk benda yang tidak dapat dihitung dan how many untuk benda yang dapat dihitung.

    mudah2an bermanfaat.

    BalasHapus
  15. how about this sentence, which one the correct............ Any Question or Another Question..??
    Please give your reason.thanks ya

    BalasHapus
  16. @Abdul :

    "Any question" artinya "ada pertanyaan?" dan "another question?", maksudnya "pertanyaan lain?"

    Any question, berasal dari "do you have any question?" sedangkan,

    "another question?" berasal dari "do you have any other question?" (kita ucapkan kalau kita menangkap gelagat bahwa akan ada lagi pertanyaan lain yang akan ditanyakan kpd kita)

    dua-duanya benar. Yang penting "any" tidak digunakan dalam kalimat positif. Any digunakan untuk kalimat tanya dan negatif.

    Like this:
    Beside (behind) me, do you have another girl/boy friend?
    Beside (behind) me, do you have any other girl/boy friend?

    Jika pertanyaannya adalah:
    "Do you have any girl/boy friend?", yang bertanya belum tahu apakah anda sudah /belum memiliki boy/girl friend. ok?

    thanks for visiting my blog..good luck!

    BalasHapus
  17. jika pertnyaan seperti ini
    how many brothers____she____?
    yang mna jawaban yang lebih tepat?
    does-has atau does-have dn tlong dijelaskan,, trimakasih atas bntuannya.. :)

    BalasHapus
  18. yang benar adalah:
    how many brothers does she have?
    auxiliary untuk subyek she adalah does, dan kata kerja kembali ke bentuk asal (KK1).
    tq.

    BalasHapus
  19. Adi putera wijaya NOTE : 1. Did the teacher give us any homework? - Yes, but not (much).
    2. Nick never does(many) work. He is a very lazy boy.
    3. Could you lend me fifty dollars? - No, I haven't got(some) money.
    4. She has had as(many)success as her brother.
    5. I bought(many)bread, but I didn't buy any butter. I forgot!
    6. She is a warm and friendly girl. She has so(some)friends.
    7. I've got(any)interesting things to tell you. Let's meet at seven o'clock and I'll tell you everything.
    8. How(many)lessons do have you on Mondays? - Only three, mum.
    9. Kate was very(many)afraid of ghosts when she was little girl.
    10. I didn't see(some)white cats in the garden, only the black one.
    11.much dogs can be dangerous. Watch out!

    BalasHapus